[25], Piave to Carlo Marzari at La Fenice announcing that the libretto was complete, 20 October 1852, in, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFParker2002 (. After a series of severe coughs and almost fainting, Violetta begins to feel dizzy and asks her guests to go ahead and to leave her to rest until she recovers. Directed by Brian Large. The heroine is a fallen woman who earns redemption through sacrifice—a notion that was somewhat risqué at the time—although not forbidden by censors. La traviata, opera in three acts by Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi (libretto in Italian by Francesco Maria Piave) that premiered in Venice at La Fenice opera house on March 6, 1853. Violetta, amused, cannot understand why and teases her lover, Baron Douphol, that he did not do the same. First Barcelona performance: 25/10/1855 at the Gran Teatre del Liceu. As the months dragged on into October, it was agreed that Piave would come to Sant'Agata and work with the composer. Violetta Valéry, a famed courtesan, throws a lavish party at her Paris salon to celebrate her recovery from an illness. While the guests dance in the next room, Violetta looks at her pale face in her mirror. La Traviata Handa Opera on Sydney Harbour Due to the announcement by the Australian Government recommending against all non-essential organised gatherings of over 500 people, performances of La Traviata on Sydney Harbour will not proceed. Total number of Liceu performances: 251. Unlike Il Trovatore, which was composed simultaneously, La Traviata is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism. [25], The lengthy and crucial duet between the elder Germont and Violetta in act 2 is multi-sectioned with the music following the changing dramatic situation. She can barely control her sadness and tears; she tells him repeatedly of her unconditional love (Violetta: Amami, Alfredo, amami quant'io t'amo – "Love me, Alfredo, love me as I love you"). $12.99. Mais, reconnue à sa juste valeur dès les représentations suivantes, La traviata est devenue au XXe siècle l'une des œuvres les plus jouées dans les opéras de par le mon… Speranza Scapucci will conduct the production. The 2019/20 season kicks off in September with a new production of "La … The Baron explains that he has known her only a year, but she retorts that Alfredo has known her only a few minutes. It was first performed in England on 24 May 1856 in Italian at Her Majesty's Theatre in London,[15] where it was considered morally questionable, and "the heads of the Church did their best to put an injunction upon performance; the Queen refrained from visiting the theatre during the performances, though the music, words and all, were not unheard at the palace". La Traviata Opera (3) 2h 1min 2019 7+ Giving up her life of parties and wealthy lovers, a Parisian courtesan decides to settle down with her young admirer. It is based on La Dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the 1848 novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. She tells him that she is, but he replies that she must take better care of herself; he says that if she were his, he would always watch over her. Omissions? The score is littered with fantastics tunes that are now wildly famous (even those who arent at all operatically versed will know many of the arias from countless TV ads) but beyond that it is the coherence of the whole piece that makes it a masterpiece. For Verdi, the years 1851 to 1853 were filled with operatic activity. La traviata’s subject and setting were novel for opera in the middle of the 19th century. But she concludes that she needs freedom to live her life (Violetta, Alfredo: Sempre libera – "Always free"). Alfredo enters and expresses his concern for her fragile health, later declaring his love for her (Alfredo, Violetta: Un dì, felice, eterea – "One day, happy and ethereal"). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Nevertheless, the first act was met with applause and cheering at the end; but in the second act, the audience began to turn against the performance, especially after the singing of the baritone Felice Varesi and the tenor Lodovico Graziani. First, he had agreed with the librettist Salvadore Cammarano on a subject for what would become Il trovatore, but work on this opera could not proceed while the composer was writing Rigoletto, which premiered in Venice in March 1851. Passion that knows no boundaries. [21], Today, the opera has become immensely popular and is a staple of the standard operatic repertoire.[4]. However, Alfredo's father, Giorgio, starts to interfere, concerned that Violetta's bad reputation will affect the marriage prospects of Alfredo's sister. Baron Douphol, Violetta's current lover, waits nearby to escort her to the salon; once there, the Baron is asked to give a toast, but refuses, and the crowd turns to Alfredo, who agrees to sing a brindisi – a drinking song (Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Libiamo ne' lieti calici – "Let's drink from the joyful cups"). He confesses that the moment he saw her, he was fascinated by her beauty and intelligence, though he has never had the courage to tell her. Gastone drops in from the ballroom to see what is going on, and Violetta assures him there is nothing. “Sempre libera” (“Always free ”) is a duet from Giuseppe Verdi's opera La traviata.In mid-19 th-century Paris, Violetta Valéry is a courtesan of fragile health.At one of her parties, she encounters young Alfredo Germont. Flora tells the annoyed Baron that it would have been better for him to have kept silent. La traviata means “the fallen woman” or “the one who goes astray” and refers to the main character, Violetta Valéry, a courtesan. Alfredo suspects that the Baron is behind his separation with Violetta, and the party invitation, which he finds on the desk, strengthens his suspicions. Alfredo comes up behind her to ask if she is feeling better. When the glamorous but fragile courtesan Violetta Valéry and her admirer Alfredo Germont find love, it seems nothing can keep them apart. Verdi’s La Traviata survived a notoriously unsuccessful opening night to become one of the best-loved operas in the repertoire. Verdi was distraught, for he held on to the notion that the opera could be staged in modern dress—as Stiffelio had been done—Piave was sent back to Sant'Agata to no avail: he could not persuade the composer to back down on his insistence that another soprano be secured, yet the 15 January deadline for securing one had come and gone. ... Ah, fors' è lui – "Ah, perhaps he is the one"). But his provincial family is determined to break up the scandalous affair. Annina, the maid, arrives from Paris, and, when questioned by Alfredo, tells him that she went there to sell the horses, carriages and everything owned by Violetta to support their country lifestyle. Feeling annoyed, the Baron goes to the gambling table and joins him in a game. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. They see Alfredo at the gambling table. She has recently come into better health and decided to host a party in celebration. "[9] Although still bogged down at Sant'Agata, Piave was sanguine: "Everything will turn out fine, and we'll have a new masterpiece from this true wizard of modern harmonies". He has informed Alfredo of the sacrifice she has made for him and his sister; and he is sending his son to see her as quickly as possible to ask for her forgiveness. [8] However, as Budden reveals, Verdi writes to his friend De Sanctis telling him that "for Venice I'm doing La Dame aux camélias which will probably be called La traviata. Alfredo sings of their happy life together (Alfredo: De' miei bollenti spiriti / Il giovanile ardore – "The youthful ardor of my ebullient spirits"). When La traviata premiered, audience members openly mocked the idea that she could possibly be a desirable courtesan, let alone one wasting away from tuberculosis. Banda: Verdi did not fully orchestrate the parts of the on-stage band, but rather composed it in the style of a piano reduction, leaving the actual realization to the person in charge of the band. More than other Italian opera composers of the time, Verdi unified the music and underscored the drama through the use of techniques such as repeated phrases (Violetta’s “Ah, fors’è lui” echoes Alfredo’s declaration of love and continues as a love theme), instrumentation (high violins underscore Violetta’s character from the overture onward), coloratura ornamentation that reflects Violetta’s agitation (thus justifying what otherwise can seem empty virtuosity), and musical continuity (through blurring the line between recitative and aria). Celebrate the season with a week of delightful Nightly Opera Streams perfect for the holidays—including a touching 1982 telecast of Puccini’s La Bohème on Christmas Eve and Humperdinck’s scrumptious Hansel and Gretel on Christmas Day. La Traviata’s sumptuous melodies and timeless depiction of doomed love have made the work a favorite of generations of operagoers. Violetta arrives with Baron Douphol. The character of Violetta dominates the work and her music changes as she develops through the drama, from the hectic, almost hysterical coloratura of the first act, to the more dramatic passages of the second, and the spiritual quality of her music as she departs life in act 3. But it is too late: she knows her time is up (Alfredo, Violetta: Gran Dio!...morir sì giovane – "Great God!...to die so young"). [10], While there were demands for productions from impresarios in various Italian cities, Verdi was loath to allow them unless he could be sure of the strength of the singers, and in spite of their pleas, the composer refused. The guests reprimand Alfredo: Di donne ignobile insultatore, di qua allontanati, ne desti orror! Experience the joy and heartache of the world’s most popular opera, La Traviata, at Sydney’s best night out. Verdi was filled with premonitions of disaster upon his arrival in Venice on 21 February for rehearsals and he made his unhappiness clear to the singers. Dumas, in his novel of 1848 and the play based on it, recalls an actual “lady of pleasure” (the scandalous Marie Duplessis) whom he had known and adored. Alfredo is thrilled, but Violetta still cannot believe that he really loves her. The opera features some of the most challenging and revered music in the entire soprano repertoire; the aria “Sempre libera” at the end of Act I is especially well known. Verdi called the night a fiasco, yet he did not allow himself to be overly distressed, writing to a conductor friend, “I do not think that the last word on La traviata was uttered last night.” Within two months he was vindicated: the revival that opened May 6, 1853, at the Teatro San Benedetto in Venice, with more suitable singers and a few small revisions in the score, was an unqualified success. Violetta gives a note to Annina to send to Flora accepting the party invitation and, as she is writing a farewell letter to Alfredo, he enters. Updates? 2 doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, harp, cimbasso, timpani, cymbals, bass drum, triangle, strings. One subject was chosen, Piave set to work, and then Verdi threw in another idea, which may have been La traviata. At a party she is introduced to Alfredo Germont, who has been fascinated by her for a long time. The love tragedy at the heart of the opera and its exploration of elements of contemporary life came to form the basis of the work’s success. After singing a duet with Alfredo, Violetta suddenly revives, exclaiming that the pain and discomfort have left her. Left alone, Violetta wonders if she could ever truly be in love and if it was Alfredo who awakened that unaccustomed feeling in her (“Ah, fors’è lui”). Played out against the hypocrisy of upper-class fashionable society, Alfredo and Violetta’s love threatens to shame his family. Alfredo's father, Giorgio Germont, is announced and demands that she break off her relationship with his son for the sake of his family, since he reveals that Violetta's relationship with Alfredo has threatened his daughter's engagement (Giorgio: Pura siccome un angelo, Iddio mi diè una figlia – "Pure as an angel, God gave me a daughter") because of Violetta's reputation. Peruse the lineup … [10], The audience jeered at times during the premiere, directing some of their scorn at the casting of soprano Fanny Salvini-Donatelli in the lead role of Violetta. [25] The concluding part of Violetta's solo scene that ends the first act is full of vocal decoration and feverish ornamentation as she swears to stay free ("Sempre libera"). [5] However, Julian Budden notes that Verdi had probably read the Dumas novel some time before, and, after seeing the play and returning to Italy, "he was already setting up an ideal operatic cast for it in his mind,"[6] shown by his dealings with La Fenice. Online premiere: Friday 8 May 2020 at 7pm BST, broadcast free online as part of the Royal Opera House's #OurHouseToYourHouse series. Opera Insights Enhance your La Traviata knowledge with a pre-curtain lecture one hour before each performance in Music Hall's Corbett Tower.Evans Mirageas, The Harry T. Wilks Artistic Director, provides overviews and insights into the opera's history, music, and production. Alfredo misunderstands her apprehension and demands that she admit that she loves the Baron. Writing to Piave, he added that "I don't want any of those everyday subjects that one can find by the hundreds. La traviata gives us one of opera’s most glorious heroines, a woman of boundless humanity and emotional depth. Una exaltación a la vida y a las virtudes humanas como la generosidad, la compasión y el sacrificio por los demás, que se ven frustradas por el juicio implacable de una sociedad clasista, en la que Alfredo es el estereotipo del ardiente amante obsesivo. Mezzo.Tv is set to present “La Traviata” from the Gran Teatre del Liceu on Dec. 31 . In October 2015, rising soprano Lisette Oropesa made her role debut as Violetta in a new production of Verdi’s La traviata at the Academy of Music, serving notice that this … After the famous "Brindisi", an offstage band plays a series of waltzes (waltz rhythms pervade the first act of the opera, creating a Parisian atmosphere). Though she was an acclaimed singer, they considered her to be too old (at 38) and overweight to credibly play a young woman dying of consumption. He then leads everyone in a lively drinking song (“Libiamo”), and the attraction between the two becomes clear. Baron Douphol, Violetta’s former lover (bass), Flora Bervoix, Violetta’s friend (mezzo-soprano), Marquis d’Obigny, Flora’s lover (bass), Gastone de Letorières, Violetta’s friend (tenor), Doctor Grenvil, Violetta’s physician (bass). Suddenly, she almost faints and everyone jumps in to help, but she asks them to go away. World premiere: Teatro La Fenice 06/03/1853. Violetta’s friend, the Viscount Gastone, introduces young Alfredo Germont to her. Opera companies would not comply, insisting on setting the story in the early 18th century. He is about to leave when she gives him a flower, telling him to return it when it has wilted, which will be the very next day. shipping: + $3.99 shipping . Here, Gaston, Viscount of Letorières, introduces a new admirer to her, Alfredo Germont. From the next room, the sound of the orchestra is heard and the guests move there to dance. With Ileana Cotrubas, Plácido Domingo, Cornell MacNeil, Ariel Bybee. The opera uses an orchestra with the following instrumentation: 2 flutes (fl. During Verdi’s lifetime La traviata was one of the most frequently performed of all operas, and it has continued to be through to the present. He toasts in her honor before the whole crowd. However, Alfredo remains and sincerely decl… Alfredo leaves with handfuls of money. These coloratura effects are not required for the character after the first act. Alone, she looks at herself in the mirror and is shocked to see how pale she is. La Fenice had been clamouring for a new work; although the theatre would supply funding and performers, Verdi was afraid its singers would not do the opera justice. From off stage, Alfredo's voice is heard singing about love as he walks down the street. In her Parisian salon, Violetta, a courtesan, is greeting guests as they arrive for her party. Last Liceu performance: 18/07/2015. Verdi based La traviata on Alexandre Dumas fils's novel and play La Dame aux camélias, inspired by the life and death of the real Parisian courtesan Marie Duplessis.Verdi offered a more complex and sympathetic portrayal of his heroine than Dumas, … After the lovers run away together, they live in bliss for a short time. Director Ermenegildo Giordano Genres Arts, … Violetta returns home and receives an invitation from her friend, Flora, to a party in Paris that evening. Violetta, a Parisian demimondaine, is hosting a party. Soon, the servant brings the letter to Alfredo and, as soon as he has read it, Giorgio returns and attempts to comfort his son, reminding him of his family in Provence (Giorgio: Di Provenza il mar, il suol chi dal cor ti cancellò? Alfredo joins them, admitting the truth of Gastone's remarks. When he sees them, Alfredo loudly proclaims that he will take Violetta home with him. Fearing that the Baron's anger will lead him to challenge Alfredo to a duel, she gently asks Alfredo to leave. A widespread version is: 1 piccolo, 4 clarinets, 2 horns, flugelhorn, 3 trumpets, at least 2 trombones, low brasses (number unspecified), bass drum. Violetta Valéry, a young courtesan, famous in the Parisian high society, throws a party in her home. He was right. Following the larger-scale dramas of Rigoletto and Il Trovatore, its intimate scope and subject matter inspired the composer to create some of his most profound and heartfelt music. ("Ignoble insulter of women, go away from here, you fill us with horror!"). [11] However, it soon became clear that a modern-dress staging of the new opera was impossible—the requirement was that it should be set in the 17th century "in the era of Richelieu"—and reports from the opening of the season confirmed the limitations of the chosen soprano, the 38-year-old Fanny Salvini-Donatelli for taking the role of Violetta. As everyone is leaving the room, Violetta has asked Alfredo to see her. In search of his son, Giorgio enters the hall and, knowing the real significance of the scene, denounces his son's behavior (Giorgio, Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Di sprezzo degno sè stesso rende chi pur nell'ira la donna offende. At first, she rejects him because his love means nothing to her, but there is something about Alfredo that touches her heart. [16] It was first performed in the United States by the Max Maretzek Italian Opera Company on 3 December 1856 in Italian at the Academy of Music in New York. Highlights From Verdi's La Traviata, Licia Albanese - 1950, LP Opera - VG Vinyl. But she can offer him only friendship and urges him to forget her (duet: “Un dì felice”). Verdi and Giuseppina Strepponi had visited Paris from late 1851 and into March 1852. However, within a short time, a synopsis was dispatched to Venice under the title of Amore e morte (Love and Death). In grief, she makes that admission and, furiously, Alfredo calls the guests to witness what he has to say (Questa donna conoscete? Violetta greets many friends including Gastone, who introduces her to Alfredo Germont. As they bet, Alfredo wins some large sums until Flora announces that supper is ready. They say their goodbyes just as the guests come crowding into the salon to make their own farewells. In a gesture of gratitude for her kindness and sacrifice, Giorgio kisses her forehead before leaving her weeping alone. In his approach to this classic drama, director Willy Decker sets the action on a nearly bare stage, focusing the audience’s full attention on the three main characters. [14], The opera (in the revised version) was first performed in Madrid on 1 February 1855 with Maria Spezia-Aldighieri at Teatro Real, in Vienna on 4 May 1855 in Italian and in Barcelona on 25 October at Gran Teatre del Liceu. He humiliates and denounces Violetta in front of the guests and then throws his winnings at her feet in payment for her services. Unlike Il trovatore, which was composed simultaneously, La traviata is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism. In February the couple attended a performance of Alexander Dumas fils's The Lady of the Camellias. Alfredo is shocked to learn this and leaves for Paris immediately to settle matters himself. Free shipping . It was not until the 1880s that the composer's and librettist's original wishes were carried out and "realistic" productions were staged. Piave and Verdi wanted to follow Dumas in giving the opera a contemporary setting, but the authorities at La Fenice insisted that it be set in the past, "c. 1700". Mezzo and Les Films Jack Fébus will co-produce the production recording {…} Storyline Violetta meets Alfredo and quickly falls for him. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at La Fenice opera house in Venice. Annina rushes in the room to tell Violetta of Alfredo's arrival. The lovers are reunited and Alfredo suggests that they leave Paris (Alfredo, Violetta: Parigi, o cara, noi lasceremo – "We will leave Paris, O beloved"). Scene 1: Violetta's country house outside Paris. La traviata takes place in and around Paris, about 1850. Three months later, Alfredo and Violetta are living together in a peaceful country house outside Paris. [25], This delicate atmosphere is altered on curtain rise by lively dance tunes in the orchestra. Was the fault mine or the singers'? When she replies that perhaps she does have a heart, he responds that if she did, she would not make fun of him, for he has loved her deeply for a year. Practically speaking, the demands on orchestra and singers do not overburden the resources of even modest opera companies. Her friends try to help her, but she insists that she will be fine and sends them all into the ballroom. https://www.britannica.com/topic/La-traviata, National Public Radio - Verdi's 'La Traviata:' The Original 'Pretty Woman'. Alfredo's father enters with the doctor, regretting what he has done. Based upon the 1852 play by Alexandre Dumas fils (La Dame aux camélias), the opera marked a large step forward for Verdi in his quest to express dramatic ideas in music. San Francisco Opera presents Verdi's La Traviata. La Traviata is one of the cornerstones of the operatic repertory. He is about to leave in a huff when, taking pity on him, Violetta gives him one of her camellias and asks him to bring it back when it has faded. She faints onto the floor. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. But Violetta senses it is too late (Violetta: Addio, del passato bei sogni ridenti – "Farewell, lovely, happy dreams of the past"). Adapted from Alexandre Dumas’ “La dame aux Camélias”, Verdi’s La Traviata is one of the composer’s best-loved operas. Rumor has it that he has been enquiring after her health every day. The story feels immediate, and the melodies are beautiful. Alone once more, Violetta makes Alfredo promise not to speak of love again. Gastone and his friends join the matadors and sing (Gastone, chorus, dancers: È Piquillo un bel gagliardo Biscaglino mattador – "Piquillo is a bold and handsome matador from Biscay"). Of the primary cast members, only the soprano who played Violetta (Fanny Salvini-Donatelli) was adequate as a singer. (The first performance set in the period Verdi specified took place in 1906, after Verdi’s death and well after the setting could be called contemporary.). Betsy Schwarm is a music historian based in Colorado. Gilda Roberts) (1998), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:06. A subject for our own age. Dr. Grenvil tells Annina that Violetta will not live long since her tuberculosis has worsened. La traviata (Italian pronunciation: [la traˈvjaːta]; The Fallen Woman)[1][2] is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. In addition, personal affairs in his home town limited his activities that spring, but after Rigoletto's success in Venice, an additional commission was offered by Brenna, the secretary of La Fenice. The opera was originally titled Violetta, after the main character. Gastone, a viscount, has brought with him a friend, Alfredo Germont, a young bourgeois from a provincial family who has long adored Violetta from afar. La Traviata is the only one of Verdi’s many operas to be set entirely indoors. After the guests leave, Violetta wonders if Alfredo could actually be the one in her life (Violetta: È strano! Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? For her, love is an illusion, and she must simply live free and for pleasure alone (“Sempre libera”)—even though Alfredo’s declaration of love still rings in her ears. Violetta invites everyone to go to the ballroom for dancing but is stricken with dizziness. As a result of this, Verdi biographer Mary Jane Phillips-Matz reports, the composer immediately began to compose music for what would later become La traviata. A number of young men arrive in the wake of Flora, another courtesan, and Flora’s lover, the Marquis d’Obigny. La Traviata Opera | Grand Opera | Teatro Real, Madrid . The production by Sir David McVicar will star Kristina Mkhitaryan in the role of Violetta alongside Dimitry Korchak as Alfredo Germont and Giovanni Meoni as Giorgio Germont. Francesco Maria Piave was engaged to write the new libretto and the two men tried to come up with a suitable subject, but the composer complained that his librettist "had not yet offered him an 'original' or 'provocative' idea". Verdi attended the play in 1852 in Paris, where he was spending the winter. She serves on the music faculty of Metropolitan State University of Denver and gives pre-performance talks for Opera Colorado and the Colorado Symphony... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. $8.25. "[12], Coincidentally, as Philips-Matz points out, an Italian translation of the play La Dame aux camélias was being presented just a short distance from La Fenice. But she casts aside the thought as foolishness. Some revisions took place between 1853 and May 1854, mostly affecting acts 2 and 3, but the opera was performed again on 6 May 1854 and was a great success, largely due to Maria Spezia-Aldighieri's portrayal of Violetta. Verdi was adamant that the opera be set in the present day (that is, the 1850s), with modern costumes. La traviata destaca por su enfoque realista: la historia de Violetta, en el lecho de muerte, evocando como flashback su vida de cortesana. – "You know this woman?"). The composer had already read the novel and had begun to conceive of an opera based on the story. "Then [referring to the La Fenice performances] it was a fiasco; now it has created a furore. The scale is intimate and bourgeois, not heroic or noble. reported Piave (who had overseen the production in Verdi's absence). Giuseppe Verdi's opera "La Traviata," tells the story of courtesan Violetta Valery ("traviata" translates to "fallen woman), who finds love and gives up her free-wheeling lifestyle, only to have her past come back to haunt her. Time will tell. LA Opera rounds out the final two productions of the 2018/2019 season with "El Gato Montes: The Wildcat" and Verdi's "La Traviata." La traviata OPERA IN THREE ACTS Libretto by Francesco Maria Piave based on La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas fils. Unfortunately, she was 38 years old and overweight. Flora and the ladies attempt to persuade Violetta to leave the dining room, but Violetta turns to Alfredo: Alfredo, Alfredo, di questo core non puoi comprendere tutto l'amore... – "Alfredo, Alfredo, you can't understand all the love in this heart...". Draw your own conclusions!" De Van, Gilles (trans. • Donato Lovreglio (1841–1907), an Italian flautist and composer, wrote the "Concert Fantasy on themes from Verdi's La traviata", Op. Before rushing out and setting off for Paris, she hands the farewell letter to her servant to give to Alfredo. I Virtuosi dell'opera di Roma: La Traviata at St. Paul’s Within the Walls on Jan 2nd, 8:30pm [24], The prelude to the opera begins with very soft, very high strings depicting the frail heroine, followed by the main love theme of the opera, which is then played on lower strings while the higher instruments decorate the melody. Victime d'une distribution défaillante, l'œuvre s'est heurtée, lors de sa création, à l'incompréhension du public, dérouté par un drame romantique au caractère intimiste, privé de la distance héroïque traditionnelle et servi par un réalisme musical inaccoutumé. La traviata tells the story of the tragic love between the courtesan Violetta and the romantic Alfredo Germont. Gastone tells her that during her recent illness, Alfredo had inquired after her daily. Like Violetta in the opera, Duplessis had conquered Parisian society with her wit, charm, and beauty, but her reign was a brief one—she died of tuberculosis in 1847 at age 23.

Zynga Poker Apk Hack, Centre équestre De La Villette, Distance Strasbourg - Nice, Ccn Saint Denis, Chapelle à Vendre En Bretagne, Buteur Champions League 2016, Weekend à La Vallée De Joux, Rani Bheemuck Age, Airbnb Dune Du Pilat, Ent S Bonchamp Les Laval,